Eight years since B.C. declared public health emergency, toxic drug crisis rages on

Eight years since B.C. declared public health emergency, toxic drug crisis rages on
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In the dozen years she’s worked with the Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users, executive director Brittany Graham has lost count of the people she’s seen succumb to British Columbia’s toxic drug crisis.

Sunday marked eight years to the day since the province declared a public health emergency related to the deadly toxic drug crisis, and Graham said it’s a sombre anniversary as she and others in public health reflect on the thousands of deaths.

“Last time I did a count it was somewhere in the 65 to 75 person range of people, and to give that perspective to people, that’s more than a yellow school bus full,” Graham said in an interview Sunday, referring to deaths of people she’s known in her dozen years working with the support network.

“That’s a lot of people that no longer exist who were kind and thoughtful and just really lovely people.”

Island numbers

Tracey Thompson, harm reduction coordinator with Island Health, has been working the front lines for more than 20 years.

She has called the last eight extremely difficult as toxic drug use continues to rise.

In February, 177 people died due to unregulated drugs across the province, 44 of which were within Island Health’s jurisdiction.

“We are, in B.C., losing almost six people a day and those are people that are cared for in their communities,” Thompson said. “I am devastated how long this has gone on for and even more so for families and individuals that are impacted by this.”

In a statement released Sunday, Premier David Eby said the toxic drug crisis has had a “catastrophic impact” on families and communities.

“There is much more to do,” Eby said. “And together, we can end a crisis that has taken far too many of our neighbours, friends and family members.”

The Island-based Lumara Grief & Bereavement Care Society says it has seen an increase in family grief counselling referrals, especially over the last three years.

“One-in-four families who come to us, they are grieving that kind of loss, which, you can understand, is a really difficult loss for a young person and family to be going through,” Heather Mohan, Lumara executive director, said.

She said this type of grief is very hard to process as it can be very difficult to talk about.

“It’s more isolating,” Mohan explained. “More layers of complexity and just takes a lot of time to sort out.”

READ MORE: ‘Heart-wrenching’: Toxic drug crisis claims record number of lives in Nanaimo, surpassing Victoria

Provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry further noted in the statement that the public-health emergency has strained the province in “unprecedented ways.”

The B.C. government and public health officer announced the emergency in April 2016 and since then more than 14,000 people have died, most of them from the highly potent opioid fentanyl.

Graham said a community townhall on the anniversary of the declaration will allow downtown eastside community members to “grieve collectively” and discuss how to “build their way forward.”

But with both provincial and federal elections looming, Graham fears “the toxic politics is what’s going to be killing people next,” as politicians vie to win votes touting ineffective solutions to the deadly crisis.

She said what’s needed are regulations for drugs that are similar to those for alcohol.

“In many ways, alcohol is one of the most toxic substances you can consume, but because we give people education, we have minimum pricing standards because we have regulations on where you can access it and where you can drink it, those are all ways in which harm reduction and public health are being utilized towards that specific substance. We don’t have any of that happening towards illicit substances at the moment,” she said.

“This is a toxic drug crisis, so unless we have regulation, we’re always going to have a higher and higher amount of drug deaths.”

Eby noted that toxic drug deaths have taken a toll on friends and loved ones of those who’ve been lost, and also on front-line workers who deal with the ongoing damage done by addiction and drug deaths.

He said the situation needs to be recognized as a “health crisis,” adding his government is trying to build and improve the province’s mental-health and addictions-care systems.

In a statement to CHEK News on Sunday, the Ministry of Mental Health and Addictions said: “We are expanding access to mental-health and addiction services throughout the province – from increasing the number of treatment beds that are available, to removing barriers to medication-assisted treatment, to implementing the new Road to Recovery program – so that help is available to all who need it, when they need it.”

Henry, meanwhile, said drug users come from “all walks of life,” often dealing with trauma, and those who try to free themselves from addiction have to go through a recovery process that isn’t “linear” or hinged upon total abstinence, she said.

“We must continue to have courage and to be innovative in our approach to this public-health crisis that continues taking the lives of our friends and families in B.C. daily,” Henry said.

Thompson said in her work, she is working closely with those who have lived or living experience to help inform treatment plans and strategies.

“Which I think is really critical for this public health emergency, as those are the people that are being tremendously impacted,” Thompson said.

Graham said all governments need to rethink their approach to drug users by recognizing the ways support systems fall short and leave those seeking help unable to get treatment when they decide to seek it.

At the same time, she said many city governments have pushed for laws to ban public drug use, pushing users further to the margins with nowhere to go.

“In the middle of this overdose crisis, we’ve decided to have public use legislation to say now you can’t be outside,” she said. “These municipalities do not want to fix anything. They just want people to go away and these are real people with real families, with real lives, with real jobs and the further you push people away, the bigger this crisis will get.”

Thompson said it’s hard to see this crisis coming to an end as it’s a very complex issue.

She said one of the ways to help is to spread compassion to those involved in the toxic drug cycle as a way to help end the stigma.

“Really moving away from an ‘Us’ versus ‘Them’ narrative around this toxic drug crisis, to how we care and support our entire community,”  Thompson explained.

For additional resources, Island Health says drug users can download the Connect by Lifeguard app here, while National OD Response can be reached at 1-888-688-6677.

SEE ALSO: Studies on B.C. safer supply emerge, finding different answers to different questions

With files from The Canadian Press

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