EDMONTON — Alberta's 2018 budget includes more spending, an $8.8-billion deficit and a five-year plan to balance the books that's tied to the ups and downs of oil prices and the vagaries of pipeline politics.
Premier Rachel Notley's government hails it as the responsible way forward while opponents castigated it as a gross abuse of the public purse that will punish generations to come.
"This budget continues to support the vital programs and services Albertans need," Finance Minister Joe Ceci said Thursday.
"It continues to work on the diversification of our economy and we need that vitally because of the wild swings in our revenues."
The budget increases funding for core programs in education, health and community services.
There is also money for previously announced incentive programs to diversify the energy-based economy and deliver more high-tech spots in post-secondary schools.
The downside is a debt load of $54.2 billion this year in a province that was effectively debt free 14 years ago. The debt is expected to hit $96 billion by 2024.
"That's what it will take to make sure we don't do without the important services and programs Albertans have come to rely on," Ceci said.
Interest payments on the debt will be $1.9 billion this year, more than all royalty payments expected from bitumen.
Opposition United Conservative Leader Jason Kenney said the interest payments on the debt will be $3.7 billion by 2024.
"If there was any suggestion the NDP was going to change its course and become fiscally responsible, that was blown out in a spectacular way in today's NDP budget," said Kenney.
"I thought that they would be making a real effort to reduce the deficit and stop the growth in debt, but they've just thrown caution to the wind."
Alberta Party leader Stephen Mandel said the long-term revenue forecasts are unrealistic and the government is making no effort to control some costs.
"It's just going to eventually bankrupt the province," he said.
Liberal legislature member David Swann said the budget represents a failure to diversify the economy.
"We need to start having an adult conversation about a harmonized sales tax," said Swann.
This is expected to be the last full budget cycle before the spring election in 2019.
When Notley's NDP won power in 2015 she inherited an economy that was bottoming out as oil prices crashed and erased billions from Alberta’s coffers.
Rather than ratchet back spending, the NDP poured money into infrastructure and avoided cuts to front-line services.
The numbers show jobs are coming back — including 38,000 in the last three months of 2017 — and the GDP is on the rise. But the government has been hit with multiple credit downgrades and warnings over the years.
The plan to get back to balance relies on revenue from two pipeline projects approved by the federal government: improvements to Enbridge’s Line 3 into Wisconsin and an expansion of Kinder Morgan's Trans Mountain line to the West Coast.
While construction on Line 3 has begun in Alberta, Trans Mountain faces delays in British Columbia.
Premier John Horgan is going to court to see if his province has authority to stop any increased oil shipments from Alberta while B.C. reviews oil-spill safety and cleanup.
That move has put the economic future of Trans Mountain up in the air, and Notley is threatening to reduce oil flows to B.C. in retaliation.
"The pipelines will get built," said Ceci. "They are federally approved."
Non-renewable resource revenue is expected to fetch $3.8 billion this year. But $10.4 billion is expected when the two pipelines kick in and the budget is balanced in 2024.
Ceci has said steps are being taken to keep the debt and deficit figures manageable.
Alberta has negotiated wage freezes with nurses and teachers, and is keeping the size of the civil service flat.
It will take in $47.9 billion in total revenue this year against $56.2 billion in expenses. There is also a $500-million contingency fund to cover unexpected shortfalls.
Health remains the big ticket department. Its budget rises three per cent to $22.1 billion, representing 40 per cent of total expenses.
The government plans to spend $30 billion over four years on roads and schools, the Calgary Cancer Centre and a new hospital in Edmonton.
For the first time, cannabis revenue is being factored in. Recreational marijuana use becomes legal this year and Alberta expects to take in $26 million in taxes.
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Dean Bennett and Colette Derworiz, The Canadian Press